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Everything you need to know about testicular cancer
Testicular cancer is caused by the abnormal and rapid growth of cancer cells in the testicle (glands of the male reproductive system).
It is the most frequent solid tumor between 15 and 35 years of age.
The predominant type of testicular cancer is germ cell tumors (GCT) (90-95% of cases).
Its incidence increases with a history of cryptorchidism (absence of the testicle in the scrotal sac or late descent).
It is manifested by the spontaneous presence of a hard, generally non-painful lump in the testicle that conditions the need to perform a scrotal ultrasound and a determination of tumor markers in blood with very high sensitivity with respect to the diagnosis.
The presence of symptoms associated with testicular cancer is very rare , so the appearance of a mass in the testicle requires urgent medical attention by a specialist in urology.
In most cases the diagnosis, and therefore the treatment, is made early, so the chances of cure are very high.
There are different treatment options for testicular cancer, including surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Surgery consists in the removal of the testicle via the inguinal route. Subsequently, an anatomopathological analysis is performed and a CT scan of the thorax, abdomen and pelvis is performed.
The prognosis of these tumors is very good, with very high cure rates thanks to the excellent response to the different treatment modalities (surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy).