Calculations Kidney

It affects between 4 and 7% of the population

Most common between 20 and 40 years of age

Importance of personalized treatment

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Specialized team of urologists

Everything you need to know about kidney stones

Kidney stones (renal lithiasis) are solid deposits of minerals and salts that are formed within the kidneys. Most of the stones are formed by calcium in combination with oxalate and/or phosphate, but at the same time there are struvite stones, also called infectious lithiasis, because they are produced by certain bacteria responsible for urinary infections. 

The formation of stones is related to multiple factors (diet, fluid intake, climate, metabolic diseases, anatomical abnormalities of the kidney, heredity, etc.).

The presence of kidney stones (kidney stones) is a common disease that affects among 4-7% of the population. They are more common in men and they usually appear between 20 and 40 years of age.

The main symptom it causes is renal colicky pain. This is a very intense pain in the lumbar region that is reflected towards the lower abdomen or groin. It can be accompanied by hematuria (blood in urine)symptoms similar to those of a urinary tract infection (burning when urinating, urination frequency, etc.). In some cases, acute pain is accompanied by a vegetative condition with nausea and vomiting. There are also kidney stones that do not produce any symptoms.

If it appears fever or chills, There may be an associated infection so it is of vital importance Contact your urologist immediately or go to the emergency room  since there is a risk of taking the patient to a serious clinical situation.

The treatment and monitoring of kidney stones is very important because patients who have already suffered from kidney stones have a 50% probability of developing another stone again over time. It is estimated that about half of people who have a stone produce another within 5 years. Most stones are expelled spontaneously, producing renal colic, but if they are not expelled spontaneously, they will require specific treatment. The treatment consists of removing the stones, for which there are several alternatives and techniques that are applied depending on the composition of the stone, its location in the urinary tract, the impact on kidney function, the clinical situation of the patient and are :
  • Extracorporeal lithotripsy with shock waves. By applying external energy, the stone is fragmented into grit that can be expelled through the urinary tract.
  • Ureterorenoscopy both rigid and flexible. It consists of accessing the stone both at the level of the kidney and the ureter, through the natural urinary orifices, using an instrument called a ureteroscope that can be rigid or flexible. Subsequently, the stone is extracted or fragmented with a laser.
  • Endoscopic percutaneous nephrolithotomy. By creating a path from the skin to the kidney, a nephroscope is introduced that allows us to fragment the stone with a laser and extract the stone fragments.
  • Ureterolithotomy laparoscopic or open.
doctor juan carlos ramirez urologo

"The presence of kidney stones (kidney stones) is a common disease that affects between 4-7% of the population"

Dr. Patricia Ramírez

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Treatment for kidney stones in Madrid

Ruber International Hospital

It is very important to individualize each case and offer the best treatment for each patient.

Our team of Uro-Oncology specialists is ready to help you and find the best solution to your ailment.

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